Mozambique

The stunning Bazaruto Archipelago is an unspoilt gem with a population of dugongs and pristine coral reefs.

THREE things we did not know about Mozambique:

  1. The tricolor flag has white fimbriations and a red triangle. Teal stands for the riches of the land, the white fimbriations signify peace, black represents the African continent, yellow symbolises the country’s minerals, and red represents the struggle for independence. Mozambique’s flag is the only flag to feature a modern automatic weapon and is symbolic of the war for its independence, which was finally granted in 1975, in which the Russian firearm was used.
  2. The name Mozambique is derived from Mussa Bin Bique, an Arabian trader who lived on an island off the country’s northern coast. The island became Mozambique Island, and the name was later given to the country itself by Portuguese explorers. Mozambique Island was the capital of Mozambique until 1898, when it was moved south to Lourenço Marques  until 1976 when it was renamed to Maputo.
  3. The world-famous fastfood outlet, Nando’s, uses a special chilli from Mozambique as an essential ingredient in its peri-peri chicken. The bird’s-eye chilli was introduced to Mozambique by Portuguese explorers, who had brought it from South America. The African variety is now unique, and grows both wild and is cultivated by farmers. Nando’s started in Johannesburg, and now has outlets in 24 countries, including Zambia.

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